Calcium and Phosphorus

Calcium's found in milk, cheese, bread, and bones. Phosphorus is found in milk, cheese, bones, and meat. The metabolism of calcium and phosphorus is linked to vitamin D. They are the major minerals and vitamins involved in the formation of bones and teeth. Calcium is also involved in the blood clotting mechanism and in the transmission of nerve impulses. Phosphorus is involved in numerous metabolic processes of the body. The ratio of calcium and phosphorus is very important, 1.2-1.4 to 1.0 . Imbalance of the ratio can lead to hyperparathyoridism. 


Magnesium is found in green vegetables, cereals, bones, and fish. It plays a role in muscle and nerve function, fluid balance, and in many enzyme systems of the body. Dietary deficiency is unlikely but is characterized by muscle weakness and convolutions.


Potassium is found in milk and meat. It is essential for fluid balance, muscle metabolism, and nerve transmission.

Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride is found in salt and in cereals. It plays a major role in fluid balance. Excessive sodium chloride in the diet can lead to hypertension in the pet. 

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